Problems of Archaeology, Ethnography, Anthropology of
Siberia and Neighboring Territories

ISSN 2658-6193 (Online)

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2020 Volume XXVI

DOI: 10.17746/2658-6193.2020.26.671-677

УДК 903.5

New Data on the Genetic Composition of the Andronovo Populations from Southern Siberia (the Upper Ob Region and Kulunda Steppe)

Trapezov R.O., Cherdantsev S.V., Tomilin M.A., Papin D.V., Pilipenko A.S.

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Analysis of the genetic composition of the Andronovo (Fedorovo) population which migrated to Southern Siberia in the first half of the second millennium BC has mainly focused on establishing the position of this population among other Eurasian Bronze Age groups and on reconstructing its origins. However, no representative genetic data on the local Andronovo populations is available so far. Archaeological evidence indicates that the Andronovo migration was a complex multistage process. A detailed reconstruction of this migration is impossible without understanding genetic specificity of the local Andronovo populations. This study presents the preliminary results of a paleogenetic research into the local Andronovo groups from the burial grounds of the Upper Ob region and the Kulunda steppe (Firsovo XIV, Chekanovsky log-2, -10, and Rublevo VIII), including the data on their mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome. New results confirm that the common features of the gene pool of the Andronovo populations before their intensive interaction with the indigenous groups of Siberia was the dominance of the Western Eurasian haplogroups of mitochondrial DNA (T, U5a, H, J, and others) and haplogroup R1a (R1a1a) of the Y-chromosome. Apparently, the populations of the Upper Ob region and Kulunda steppe largely retained genetic features typical of the migrants without interaction with native Siberian populations as opposed to, for example, the Baraba forest-steppe. Further genetic studies of representative local series of the Andronovo population in various regions of Siberia will make it possible to produce more subtle reconstructions of sophisticated migration processes. Large expectations are associated with parallel study of diachronic paleoanthropological evidence using the methods of paleogenetics and isotope analysis.


Andronovo (Fedorovo) culture, paleogenetics, mitochondrial DNA, Y-chromosome, migrations, local populations, genetic history of populations, Middle Bronze Age

Chief Editor
Academician A.P. Derevyanko

Deputy Chief Editor
Academician V.I. Molodin

17, Аkademika Lavrentieva prosp., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

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