Problems of Archaeology, Ethnography, Anthropology of
Siberia and Neighboring Territories

ISSN 2658-6193 (Online)

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2018 Volume XXIV

DOI: 10.17746/2658-6193.2018.24.032-036

УДК 903.01

The Middle and Upper Paleolithic Bone Tools from South Chamber of Denisova Cave

Baumann M., Fedorchenko A.Yu., Kozlikin M.B., Plisson H., Shunkov M.V.

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Abstract

Excavations undertaken in the upper portion of the Pleistocene deposits from South Chamber of Denisova Cave yielded a set of bone tools in association with numerous stone artifacts. The Middle Palaeolithic layer 12 revealed bone retouchers and a retouched bone fragment. Along with lightly modified bone tools such as retouchers and retouched pieces, Layer 11 has yielded such stone tools as a point, a needle, a polisher and a tool blank, all attributed to the early Upper Palaeolithic. The obtained archaeological record has made it possible to reconstruct technologies of manufacturing lightly and significantly modified bone tools. Use-wear analysis of the point, needle and polisher has shown clear signs of usage and a range of deformation features associated with utilization.

Keywords

Altai Mountains, Denisova Cave, Middle Palaeolithic, early Upper Palaeolithic, bone tools

17, Аkademika Lavrentieva prosp., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
E-mail: sbornik.iaet@gmail.com