Problems of Archaeology, Ethnography, Anthropology of
Siberia and Neighboring Territories

ISSN 2658-6193 (Online)

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2019 Volume XXV

DOI: 10.17746/2658-6193.2019.25.218-224

УДК 902/904

Handaxes of the Darvagchai Geoarchaeological Area (Southeastern Dagestan)

Rybalko A.G.

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The article analyzes the development of handaxes in the Acheulian industries of Southeastern Dagestan. The collection of stone artifacts includes the objects obtained from excavations in recent years, including field studies of the Darvagchai-Zaliv-4 site in 2019. The group of sites from which the evidence originated, is located on the border between plain and foothills in the Darvagchai geoarchaeological area (the middle course of the Darvagchai River). The main feature of the Darvagchai Paleolithic complexes is the presence of large bifacially processed tools (handaxes). Detailed morphological features of these objects are described and preliminary analysis is provided in the article. On the basis of technical and typological features of these tools as well as their absolute and relative chronology, two cultural and chronological complexes have been identified. They correspond to specific units of the local stratigraphic model. Although these Late Acheulian complexes were separated by a large period, they show more similarities between themselves than with any archaeological materials from other regions. It has been concluded that the Darvagchai geoarchaeological area can be included into the distribution territory of the Early Paleolithic industries with the bifacially processed tools. At the same time, bifaces of the classic types with continuously processed surface are very few, and the industry is dominated by partially treated bifaces and unifaces. Differences in raw materials as well as variety of their forms and sizes determined great variability and low standardization of the above tools. The Early Paleolithic complexes of that region manifest a number of morphological and typological features which distinguish them from the Acheulean industries of other regions of the Caucasus.


stone tools, Early Paleolithic, handaxes, spalls, retouching, bifacial treatment

Chief Editor
Academician A.P. Derevyanko

Deputy Chief Editor
Academician V.I. Molodin

17, Аkademika Lavrentieva prosp., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

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